Marriage of Hazrat Umm Salma

Stop at Badr as promised

At the end of the Uhud campaign, Abu Sufyan had said loudly that there would be a meeting in Badr next year (In Moadkak Badrul Aam Al-Maqqeb). The Holy Prophet had said that we will come to Badr (Naam hi binna wa bankam). So, as promised, he waited for the enemy in Badr for eight days with 1500 companions. ([1]) Abu Sufyan also accompanied the polytheists to Mur al-Zahran. came, but did not dare to come forward and returned on the pretext of famine.

Ghazwa Najd or Ghazwa Zaat al-Raqqa took place in Jumadi al-Awali 4H in which no battle took place and the enemy fled from the scene. Reports were coming from Najd that the Bedouins had planned an attack on Madinah with a large gathering. With this sudden invasion, they lost their spirit and the Islamic State was in Najd. Biographers differ on whether the advance towards Najd is called Ghazwa Zaat al-Raqqa or the advance of Isfan is called Zaat al-Raqqa. ([2])

Marriage with Hazrat Umm Salma

Umm al-Mu'minin Umm Salma's name was Hind bint Abu Umayyah and she belonged to the Quraysh tribe. You were also an example of high morals and virtues from the age of Jahiliyyah. Before Islam, she was married to Abdullah bin Abdul Asad bin Hilal. After the birth of their son Salma, both of them became known by their surnames (i.e. Umm Salma and Abu Salma) and their real names did not come into the language of the people. Abu Salama was also the foster and paternal brother of the Holy Prophet. These two husbands and wives are the first to migrate to Abyssinia and to migrate to Madinah, along with being early Muslims. At the time of migration to Madinah, Umm Salama's family members prevented her and her child from leaving, and Abu Salama went to Madinah alone. At the separation of her husband, Umm Salma burst into tears and for a year she used to come and sit in the same place where she was separated from her husband. Abu Salama was also a great Istiqamat that for the sake of emigration and for the sake of the religion of Islam, he went to Madinah, sacrificing his wife, children, wealth and everything. Eventually, Umm Salma's family took pity on her and allowed Umm Salma to go to Madinah.([3]) Three children were born to them in Madinah, Darra, Umar and Zainab. Abu Salama participated in Badr and earned the honor of being a Badri. In the battle of Uhud, he was injured in such a way that he could not survive. At the time of his death, the words were Allahum Akhlafni fi Ahli Bakhir. ([4]) Therefore, with the great sacrifices of Abu Salama and the services of both, the closeness of the Prophet and being a widow with many families, the Lord Almighty accepted the last prayer of her husband and He made the Seal of the Prophets (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) his successor. Before him, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (may Allah be pleased with him) sent him a message of marriage, but Umm Salama refused. Then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) sent a message of marriage, and he accepted it and Shawwal. The marriage took place in 4 Hijri.

Sayyida Umm Salma (may Allah be pleased with her) was considered among the Sahib-e-Rai companions. He was perfect in intelligence, knowledge and vision. On the occasion of the Peace of Hudaybiyah, when the Companions did not like the terms of the peace in the beginning, they delayed to obey the order of the Holy Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace. He was very worried and when he returned to his tent, he mentioned it to his wife, and she said:

O Prophet of God, do you love this? Get out, then don't speak a word to any of them until your body is prostrated and you pray for your health and you will be healed ([5])

"O Prophet of Allah, you should go, do not talk to anyone, offer your sacrifice and call your barber and shave your throat."

He did the same, then the Companions also did all these things following him.

 The Qur'an was revealed to him. He has narrated 378 hadiths. She died in Medina in 62 AH during the time of Yazid bin Muawiya and was buried in Baqi, at that time she was 84 years old ([6]).

The incident of Muraysi and the preparation of attacks from the outskirts of Madinah (Sha'ban 5 Hijri)

It has been mentioned above that the Quraysh of Makkah wanted to destroy the newly-born Madani state, but all the tribes of the Jews from inside Madinah and the religious leaders were not behind the Quraysh to achieve this goal. On top of that, the other surrounding tribes were also meeting the Quraish and it was being planned to attack Madinah together and wipe out the Muslims. The advance of Raji, Bir Mauna and Najdi tribes was the starting point of this project.

Banu Mustalaqabad, a branch of the Khuza'a tribe, was located near Madinah Munawarah, who had relations and relations with the Quraysh. Haris bin Abu Zarrar, the chief of Banu Mustaliq tribe, started preparing for an attack on Madinah, which was confirmed, and the Prophet (PBUH) left on 2 Sha'ban 5 Hijri for Murisiyah, where this tribe was settled. But the people of Maarisee resisted, many people were killed and six hundred were arrested ([7]).

Abdullah bin Abi's cruel character and attack on the morality of the Prophet's family

It has been mentioned above that in the Battle of Uhud, Abdullah bin Abi separated with three hundred men just when the battle was about to begin. A large number of hypocrites were also involved in the greed of booty at the place of Marisi. After the expulsion of Bani Mustaliq, Ibn Abi tried to give air to the Jahili prejudice in order to fight the Muslims. Hazrat Umar's servant Jahjah, who was on behalf of the emigrants, and Sinan bin Weber Jahni, while filling water from the spring of Marisee, began to panic. Sanansaid, "Ansar come and help me", on this Jahjah Ghaifari said: Muhajiro come and help me. In this way, the swords were sharpened in Muhajar Yen Wansar. A big accident was about to happen, but the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, stopped them both and reprimanded them for their ignorant prejudice and said: Leave it, it smells very bad. ([8])

As soon as Abdullah bin Abi heard the news of the incident, he made a big noise and said: The courage of these people who are foreigners and are coming to our area and are competing with us, by Allah, our condition and their condition. But the example narrated by the elders is true: feed your dog and make him fat so that he will eat you. will take it out. Then he said to the people that you have brought this trouble yourself. You have not only given them a place to live in your city, but you have also given them your property, even now if you cut off their water supply, these migrants will move elsewhere. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came to know about this incident. Hazrat Umar asked for permission to kill Ibn Ubayy, Hazrat Abdullah bin Abdullah bin Ubayy said: My Lord! I will kill my own father, give me permission. The Holy Prophet said: No, I will do more favors on him.

Ibn Ubayy's son Abdullah stood at the gate of Madinah and blocked his father's path and said: Today only the honorable will enter the city. If the Messenger of Allah does not give permission, then you cannot enter the city. He used to honor, value, respect and serve his father very much, but because of his enmity with Islam and the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, he was also above all in honor and faith.

Ibn Ubayy also suggested that Muhammad had five marriages, even though Sharia allows four. He, along with his other hypocrite companions, used Hazrat Zainab's marriage to distort the high morals and character of the Prophet. Hazrat Zainab was the wife of his pretended son, after the divorce, he married her so that the difference between the pretended son and the real son could be clarified and the ignorant ritual could end.

Jews and hypocrites had come to the conclusion from previous experiences that Muslims cannot be subdued by the force of the sword, the easiest way to eliminate them is to attack their morals and character. He started this project by attacking the Prophet's House and the head of this uncreative invasion was Ghana Abdullah bin Ubayy who after fighting the Muhajirin and Ansar tried to cast doubt on the character of the Holy Prophet because the Prophet Allah Ta'ala himself took responsibility for the protection of the Prophet (PBUH), He said: And Allah protects you from the people ([9]).

"And Allah will protect you from the people."

The beloved person of the Holy Prophet was attacked for divorcing his son's wife and marrying himself, although Allah, the Exalted, filled this marriage with great wisdom for all the people of the world, and the false custom of Mutabani was thus destroyed. It was said that no one else could do this work. This is the only marriage that Allah Ta'ala performed himself. It is said in the Holy Quran:

فَلَمَّا قَذٰدٌ مِّنْهَا وَتَرًا ذَوَّجْنٰكَهَا لِكَيْلَا يَكُوْنَ عَلَيْمِنِيْنَ حَرَجٌ فِيْجِ المَّاََََََََََََََََََََََََََََََََََ

"Then when Zayd had fulfilled his need for her, We married her (a divorced woman) to you, so that there would be no hardship on the believers regarding the wives of their sons after they had fulfilled their need from them." I am."

The courage of Umm al-Mu'minin Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa (RA): (Sha'ban 5 Hijri)

Ibn Abi slandered Hazrat Aisha while making a second big attack on the Prophet's House. This incident became so important that the city of Madinah became silent. The great Jalil-ul-Qadr Sahaba were left in limbo. The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, severed relations with Hazrat Aisha so that she would be judged by the throne. The entire incident and the poison that spread in Madinah was not even known to the mother of the believers, Sayyida Aisha.[11]

In the books of history and history, there is a mention of this tragic situation of the Prophet's family under the name of Afiq, which was decorated by the Holy Quran with a certificate of purity from the throne, and the sons and daughters of Sayyida Ayesha will be punished for this until the Day of Judgment. And will continue to study piety in the language of Allah. Maulana Syed Abul Ali Maududi, may God have mercy on him, has shed a lot of light in the Tafsir of Ayat al-Afq, which proves to be very useful and helpful in understanding the incident - the following description is quoted from the interpretation of the Qur'an for the benefit of the readers:

This Shusha (the story of Murisi) was still fresh when he (Abdullah bin Abi) raised another dangerous temptation, and such a temptation that if the Prophet ﷺ and the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ had the perfect level of self-control, patience and wisdom. If they did not take help, a severe civil war would have broken out in the nascent Muslim society of Madinah. This was a slander on Hazrat Aisha. Hear the story from their own words, which will reveal the whole situation. We will expand the matters that require interpretation in the middle with the help of other reliable traditions in parentheses so that there is no disruption in the continuity of Mr. Siddiqa. We have collected all the traditions that have been narrated from Hazrat Aisha in this regard, and we have summarized them. She says:

Hazrat Aisha's acquittal from the throne of God

It was the rule of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that when he went on a journey, he would draw lotsHe used to decide which of your wives should go with you. ([12]) On the occasion of Ghazwa Nabi al-Mustaliq, the lot was drawn in my name and I went with you. On our return, when we were near Madinah, at a place where the Messenger of Allah, may God bless him and grant him peace, encamped for the night, and it was still part of the night before the preparations for the coach began. I got up and went to defecate, and when I started to turn around, when I got close to the lodging, I felt that my necklace had broken and fell somewhere. I started to look for him, and in the meantime the convoy left. The rule was that I would sit on my stomach during the coach and four men would lift it and put it on the camel. We women were very thin due to lack of food during that time. People didn't realize that I wasn't in it when I was doing it. Unaware, they set off on an empty camel. When I returned with the necklace, there was no one there. Finally, she laid down with her cloak and thought in her heart that when these people don't find me, they will come looking for me. I fell asleep in that state. In the morning, Safwan bin Susman Sulami passed by the place where I was sleeping and saw me and recognized me, because he had seen me many times before the order of veil came. (This Sahib Badri was one of the Companions. He had a habit of sleeping late in the morning, ([13]) that is why he was also sleeping somewhere in Lashkar Gah and now he was getting up and going to Medina). They halted the camel and spontaneously came out of their tongues Anna-Lillah and Anna-Alia-Rajiyun, the wife of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) stayed here. My eyes opened with this sound and I got up and immediately put a sheet over my face. They did not speak to me, brought their camel and sat next to me and stood apart. I got on the camel and they left with a nickel. Around noon we caught up with the army while it was still in one place and the army did not know that I had left behind. The slanderers slandered him and the foremost among them was Abdullah bin Abi. But I was unaware of what was being said about me.

On reaching Madinah, I fell ill and was bedridden for about a month. The news of this slander was flying in the city, it had even reached the ears of the Messenger of Allah, may God bless him and grant him peace, but I did not know anything. However, what shocked me was that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not pay attention to me, which he used to do during his illness. If you used to come to the house, you would just ask the family members: How are you? You would not speak to me. That would have made me suspect that something was up. Finally, with your permission, I went to my mother's house so that she could take good care of me.

One day I went outside Madinah to defecate at night. Till that time, we did not have these toilets in our houses and we used to go to the forest. I was accompanied by the mother of Mustah bin Uthasha, who was my father's cousin. (From other traditions, it is known that Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq RA took the responsibility of supporting this entire family, but despite this kindness, Mushtaq also joined those who were spreading this slander against Hazrat Aisha RA) . On the way, he stumbled, and his tongue came out spontaneously. I said, "A good mother is the one who fights the son, and the son is also the one who participated in the battle of Badr." They said, don't you know anything about his words? Then he told the whole story about what the slanderous people are saying about me. (Besides the hypocrites, among the Muslims themselves who joined in this fitna, the most prominent were Muttah, Hassan bin Thabit, the famous poet of Islam, and Hamna bint Hajjash, the sister of Hazrat Zaynab). Hearing this story, my blood dried up, forgot the need for which I had come, went straight home and cried all night long.

Going forward, Hazrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) said, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) called Ali and Osama bin Zayd behind me and sought their advice. Osama said the word good for me and said, Messenger of Allah, we have not found anything in your wife except good. All this is false and false that is being floated. As for Ali, he said, Messenger of Allah, there is no shortage of women, you can take another wife in her place, and if you want to investigate, call the maidservant and find out the situation. So the attendant was called and questioned. He said, "By God who sent you with the truth, I have not seen any evil in them that can be written." The only problem is that I go to work after kneading the dough and say, "Bibi, take care of the dough, but she falls asleep and the goat comes and eats the dough." On the same day, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said in his sermon: Muslims! Who is there to protect my honor from the attacks of this person who has gone so far as to torture me by accusing my family members? By God, I have not seen any evil in my wife, nor in the person about whom slander is made. He never even came to my house in my absence. This Prasyd bin Hudair ([14]) (in some hadiths, Saad bin Mu'adh) stood up and said to the Messenger of Allah, If he is a man of our tribe, let us kill him, and if he is one of our brothers from the Khazraj, then you order. Give, we are here to comply. Upon hearing this, Saad bin Ubada, the chief of Khazraj, stood up and said, "You are telling a lie.Can't beat him at all. You are taking the name of cutting his neck only because he is from Khazraj. If he was a man of your tribe, you would never say that we will kill his neck. ([15]) Asayd bin Hudir said in response, "You are a hypocrite, that's why you support the hypocrites." A commotion broke out in the Prophet's Mosque over this, even though the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was sitting on the pulpit. It was almost that Aws and Khazraj would have fought in the mosque, but the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) calmed them down and then came down from the pulpit. On the one hand, he attacked the honor of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq. On the other hand, he tried to undermine the highest moral dignity of the Islamic movement. On the third side, he had thrown such a spark that if Islam had not turned the body of its followers, the two tribes of the Muhajirin and the Ansar, and even the Ansar themselves, would have fought each other.

Interpreting the accusation against Hazrat Aisha as the word Afiq is a complete denial of this accusation by Allah Ta'ala Himself. Ifik means to turn something upside down, to make something out of something contrary to reality. According to the same meaning, this word is spoken in the sense of absolute lie and defamation. And if it is said for any accusation, it means absolute slander.

The summary of the events related to Hazrat Aisha in the books of Hadith and Seerah is that according to Hazrat Aisha herself, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was in severe pain. I kept crying. My parents were suffering from great anxiety and grief. Finally, one day the Holy Prophet came and sat next to me. He had never sat next to me during this whole period. Hazrat Abu Bakr and Umm Ruman (mother of Hazrat Aisha) felt that something decisive was going to happen today, so they both came and sat next to me. The Holy Prophet said. Aisha, I have received this news about you. If you are innocent, I hope that Allah will show your innocence. And if you have indeed committed a sin, then repent to Allah and ask for forgiveness. When a person confesses his sin and repents, Allah forgives. . Hearing this, my tears dried up. I asked my father to answer what the Messenger of Allah said. He said, daughter, I do not understand what to say. I asked my mother to say something yourself. He also said that I am surprised, what can I say. On this I said, one thing has fallen into your ears and settled in your hearts, now if I say that I am innocent___ and Allah is witness that I am innocent___, then you people will not believe, and if you want such a thing. If I confess what I did not do, and Allah knows that I did not do it, then you will accept it. I tried to remember the name of Hazrat Yaqub at that time, but I could not remember it. Finally, I said, "In this situation, what other choice is there for me than to say the same thing that the father of Hazrat Yusuf (a.s.) said, Fasbar- Jameel (referring to the incident when in front of Hazrat Ya'qub (a.s.) his son Ibn Yameen was robbed." It has been mentioned in Surah Yusuf, Ruku' 10.) I was saying in my heart at that time that Allah is aware of my innocence and He will surely reveal the truth. Even though it was not even in my imagination that a revelation will be revealed in my favor which will be recited until the Day of Judgment. I used to think less of my own being than that Allah himself should speak on my behalf. But I thought that the Messenger of Allah, may God's prayers and peace be upon him, would see a dream in which Allah Almighty would reveal my innocence. Suddenly, the Prophet's pious condition, which used to be when the revelation was revealed, disappeared, even in the time of severe winter. Like sweat dripping from your face. We all fell silent. I was absolutely fearless. But the condition of my parents was that the bite did not bleed in the body. They were afraid to see what truth Allah reveals. When that condition was removed, the Holy Prophet was extremely happy. The first thing he said while laughing was, "Congratulations, Aisha, Allah has revealed your innocence." And after that, the Holy Prophet recited ten verses (i.e. verse number 11 to number 21).

اِنَّ الَّذِیْنَ جَا۬ءُوْ بِالْاِفْکِ عُصْبَةٌ مِّنْکُمْﺚ لَا تَحْسَبُوْھُ شَرًّا لَّکُمْﺚ بَلْ ھُوَ خَیْرٌ لَّکُمْﺚ لِکُلٍّ امْرِیٍٔ مِّنْھُمْ مَّا اکْتَسَبَ مِنَ الْاِثْمِﺆ وَالَّذِیْ تَوَلّٰی کِبْرَھ۫ مِنْھُمْ لَھ۫ عَذَابٌ عَظِیْمٌﭚ لَوْلَآ اِذْ سَمِعْتُمُوْھُ ظَنَّ الْمُؤْمِنُوْنَ وَالْمُؤْمِنٰتُ بِاَنْفُسِھِمْ خَیْرًاﺫ وَّقَالُوْا ھٰذَآ اِفْکٌ مُّبِیْنٌﭛ لَوْلَا جَا۬ءُوْ عَلَیْھِ بِاَرْبَعَةِ شُھَدَا۬ئَﺆ فَاِذْ لَمْ یَاْتُوْا بِالشُّھَدَا۬ئِ فَاُولٰ۬ئِکَ عِنْدَ اللہِ ھُمُ الْکٰذِبُوْنَﭜ وَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللہِ عَلَیْکُمْ وَرَحْمَتُھ۫ فِی الدُّنْیَا وَالْاٰخِرَةِ لَمَسَّکُمْ فِیْمَآ اَفَضْتُمْ فِیْھِ عَذَابٌ عَظِیْمٌﭝﺊ اِذْ تَلَقَّوْنَھ۫ بِاَلْسِنَتِکُمْ وَتَقُوْلُوْنَ بِاَفْوَاھِکُمْ مَّا لَیْسَ لَکُمْ بِھ۪ عِلْمٌ وَّتَحْسَبُوْنَھ۫ ھَیِّنًاﺣ وَّھُوَ عِنْدَ اللہِ عَظِیْمٌﭞ وَلَوْلَآ اِذْ سَمِعْتُمُوْھُ قُلْتُمْ مَّا یَکُوْنُ لَنَآ اَنْ نَّتَکَلَّمَ بِھٰذَاﺣ سُبْحٰنَکَ ھٰذَا بُھْتَانٌ عَظِیْمٌﭟ یَعِظُکُمُ اللہُ And you shall return to the same forever, that you may be believers. ﺆ وَیُبَیِّنُ اللہُ لَکُمُ الْاٰیٰتِﺚ وَاللہُ عَلِیْمٌ حَکِیْمٌﭡ اِنَّ الَّذِیْنَ یُحِبُّوْنَ اَنْ تَشِیْعَ الْفَاحِشَةُ فِی الَّذِیْنَ اٰمَنُوْا لَھُمْ عَذَابٌ اَلِیْمٌﺫ فِی الدُّنْیَا وَالْاٰAnd Allah is All-Knowing, and you do not know, and were it not for Allah's Grace and Mercy, and Allah is Most Merciful, Most Merciful ([16])

"Those who have fabricated this slander are a group within you. Do not consider this incident as evil for you, but it is also good for you. Whoever took part in it has incurred as much sin, and the person who took a large part of the responsibility for it will be punished. is great At the time when you people heard it, why didn't the believing men and believing women feel good about themselves and say that this is clear slander? Why didn't those people bring four witnesses (in proof of their accusation)? Now that they have not brought witnesses, they are liars in the sight of Allah. If Allah's grace and mercy had not been upon you people in this world and in the Hereafter, then a great punishment would have brought upon you for what you have fallen into. (Just think, what a grave mistake you were making at that time) while your tongue was taking this lie from one tongue to another and you were saying something about which you had no knowledge. was You were considering it as a minor thing, although it was a big thing to Allah. Why didn't you say as soon as you heard it, "It does not make us beautiful to say such a thing, subhan Allah, this is a great slander." Allah advises you not to do such an act in the future if you are a believer. Allah gives you clear instructions and He is All-Knowing and All-Wise.

My mother said, get up and thank the Messenger of Allah. I said, "I will not thank them nor you both, but I thank Allah who revealed my innocence." You people did not even deny this slander.

On this occasion, this subtle point should also be understood that before explaining Hazrat Aisha's acquittal, Allah Ta'ala has actually warned about the fact that the case of the accusation of adultery by stating the rules of adultery, qadhaf and cursing in one full bow. There is no fun hobby that can be used as a fake game. This is a very serious matter. If the accusation of the accuser is true, then he should testify. Adultery and fornication will be punished with the most terrible punishment. If it is false, then the accuser deserves 80 lashes on his back so that he or anyone else does not dare to do such a thing in the future. . And if the husband makes this allegation, he will have to be cursed in the court and clear the matter. No one can sit comfortably without saying this. Because it is a Muslim society that has been established to establish good in the world. In it, neither adultery can become entertainment nor its discussions can be considered as a topic of happiness and fun.

 Only a few men who were spreading these rumors are mentioned in the traditions: Abdullah bin Abi, Zayd bin Rifa'ah (who was probably the son of Rifa' bin Zayd, a Jewish hypocrite), Mustah bin Uthasha. Hassan bin Thabit and Hamna bint Jahsh. The first two of them were hypocrites and the remaining three were believers who fell into this fitna due to mistake and weakness. Apart from them and those who suffered more or less in this sin, their mention has not gone unnoticed in the books of Hadith and Wasirat.

From the above-mentioned verses, there are lessons and lessons for the believing community as well as the rulings related to the incident of Sayyida Ayesha (may God be pleased with her), which are summarized in the light of the understanding of the Qur'an:

The hypocrites had left this Shusha in order to defeat the Muslims in the field which was the main field of their superiority, i.e. morals in which they were being defeated by their rivals in Harmidan, but Allah Almighty also Made a good cause for Muslims. On this occasion, the behavior adopted by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) on the one hand, Hazrat Abu Bakr and his family members on the other hand, and the common people of faith on the third hand proved it as clear as day that How pure people are from evil, how just and how generous they have become. A gesture from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was enough to blow the necks of those who had attacked his honor, but for a whole month he patiently endured everything, and when the command of Allah came, only those three Muslims were killed. , on whom the crime of Qazf was proven, imposed a limit, still did not say anything to the hypocrites. Hazrat Abu Bakr's own relative, whom he used to sponsor and whose entire household, continued to shoot this arrow at his heart and liver, but this good servant of Allah did not cut off the relationship of the community. Neither stopped helping him and his family. None of the chaste spouses shared the slightest share in Sukan's infamy, but none showed even the slightest degree of approval or approval of him. Even Hazrat Zainab's sister-in-law Hamna bint Jahsh was slandering her Sukan just for her sake, but she herself only said good words in favor of Sukan. Hazrat Ayesha has her own tradition that Zainab was the one who used to compete most among the wives of the Messenger of Allah. He said, O Messenger of Allah, by God, I do not know anything in it except goodness. Hazrat Aisha's dignity was such that Hazrat Hasan bin Thabit took a prominent part in defaming her, but she always treated him with respect and modesty. The people reminded him that this is the person who had defamed him, so he silenced them by replying that he is the person who turned the enemies of Islam, the poets, towards the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and Islam.He used to answer with his face. This was the situation of the people who were directly related to this matter. And the purity of common Muslims can be gauged from the fact that when his wife mentioned these rumors to Hazrat Abu Ayyub Ansari, he said: Ayyub's mother, if you were on this occasion instead of Ayesha, what would it be like? Do you act? He said: By God, he would never have done this. Hazrat Abu Ayyub said, Aisha is better than you. And I say that if I were in Safwan's place, I would not have thought of such a thing, Safwan is a better Muslim than me. In this way, what the hypocrites wanted, the result was completely opposite and the moral superiority of Muslims became more prominent than before.

Then there was another aspect of good in it, and that is that this event became the cause of important additions in the laws and rules of Islam and cultural regulations. Thanks to this, the Muslims received such instructions from Allah Ta'ala, by following which the Muslim society can be protected forever from the production and propagation of evils, and if they arise, they can be remedied in time. can go.

Moreover, there was a good aspect in it that all the Muslims came to know that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is not an occultist, he only knows what Allah tells him. As much as a human being can do, for a month he was very worried about Hazrat Aisha. Sometimes they used to ask the maid, sometimes the married couple, sometimes Hazrat Ali and sometimes Hazrat Usamah. Finally, he said to Hazrat Aisha, then he said that if you have committed this sin, then repent and if you have not, then I hope that Allah will prove your innocence. If you were the Unseen, why would there be this trouble and this questioning and this admonition to repent? However, when God's revelation revealed the truth, you got that knowledge which was not available for a whole month. Thus, through direct experience and observation, Allah has managed to save the Muslims from the excesses and exaggerations into which the blind zeal of devotion generally leads people in the matter of their forefathers. It is not unlikely that this was also an expedient in view of Allah Almighty in not sending revelations for a whole month.

The situation that happened with Hazrat Aisha and Safwan bin Asman was that a woman of the caravan (regardless of the fact that she was the wife of the Prophet) was accidentally left behind and a man of the caravan who himself was accidentally left behind. was left behind, saw them and made them sit on his camel. Now, if a person says that by the grace of Allah, these two became guilty of sin by purifying each other, then this statement has two more assumptions behind its obvious words. He would not live without sinning, because if he is stopped from sinning, it is only because a person of the opposite sex did not come across him in such solitude, otherwise he would not have left such a rare opportunity. Secondly, his opinion regarding the moral condition of the society to which he belongs is that there is no such woman and no such man who has such an opportunity and refrains from sin. This is in the case that the matter is only a man and a woman. And if both the man and the woman are residents of the same place, and the woman who accidentally escaped from the caravan, a friend of this man or If a relative or neighbor or acquaintance has a wife, sister, or daughter, the matter becomes even more difficult. The meaning then becomes that the speaker himself has such a harsh concept about himself and his society, which is not even remotely related to nobility. Who can think that if a woman from the house of a friend or neighbor or an acquaintance happens to meet her on the way, the first thing he will do is to touch her honor, then bring her home. Will think of the plan. But here the matter was a thousand times more severe than that. The woman was no other, she was the wife of the Messenger of Allah, whom every Muslim considered more worthy of respect than his own mother, whom Allah himself had declared forbidden to every Muslim like a mother. The man was not only a man of the same caravan, a soldier of the same army and a resident of the same city, but he was a Muslim, he believed the husband of this woman to be the Messenger of Allah and his guide and leader, and on his command He had participated in dangerous battles like the Battle of Badr to sacrifice his life. In this situation, the mental background of this saying reaches the extreme of ugliness beyond which no dirty imagination can imagine. That is why Allah Ta'ala is saying that the people of the Muslim society who uttered this word or at least considered it worthy of doubt have created a very bad image of themselves and also humiliated the people of their society. Considered the owner of morals and character.

This was not even worth considering. Every Muslim should have called it a complete lie and slander upon hearing it. It is possible that someone may ask here that when this was said, why did the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq not deny it on the first day and why did they attach so much importance to it? The answer is that the position of a husband and father is completely different from that of ordinary men. Although no one can know his wife better than a husband, and no right-minded husband can actually be suspicious of people's slander about a noble and righteous wife, butIf an accusation is made against his wife, then he will be in trouble, even if he rejects it by calling it slander, the tongues of those who say it will not stop, rather they will say more than that what kind of veil the wife has put on Mian Sahib's intellect. , is doing everything and the husband thinks that my wife is very chaste. A similar problem is faced by parents. Even if that poor man opens his tongue in denying the blatantly false accusation of his daughter's innocence, the daughter's position is not clear. The naysayers will say that parents are parents, what else will they do if they do not support their daughter. This was something that was making the Messenger of Allah, may God bless him and grant him peace, Hazrat Abu Bakr and Umm Ruman melt inside with grief, otherwise they would not have had any doubt in reality. The Messenger of Allah, may God bless him and grant him peace, had made it clear in his sermon that he did not see any evil in my wife, nor in the person against whom this accusation is being made.

In this place, no one should misunderstand that the reason and basis for the false accusation is merely the absence of witnesses, and Muslims are being asked to declare it as blatant slander for this reason alone. That the accusers have not brought four witnesses. This misunderstanding arises from not keeping in view the nature of the event that actually happened there. The accusers did not make the accusation because they, or any of them, had seen what they were uttering, but only on the basis that Hazrat Aisha (R.A.) were left behind and Safwan later brought them on his camel in the caravan. No sane person could have imagined that Hazrat Aisha's being left behind like this was the result of a mastermind. The conspirators do not conspire in such a way that the wife of Salar Lashkar secretly stays with a person behind the caravan and then the same person makes her sit on his camel and goes to the camp of Alania Lashkar at noon. reached. This situation itself was indicating the innocence of both of them. In this situation, if the accusation could be made, it could only be made on the basis that the narrators had seen a matter with their own eyes, otherwise the witnesses, on whom The oppressors had made accusations, leaving no room for doubt. ([17])

[1] Seerah Ibn Hisham: 3/292.

[2] For a detailed discussion, see Dr. Mahdi Rizqullah Ahmad, Sirat Nabawi, Ghazwa Najd, 726, Safiur Rahman Mubarak Puri, Raheeq Al Maktoum, 405.

[3] Al-Badayyah and Nahayyyah: 4.169.

[4] O Allah, give me a better arrangement for my family and give me a good guardian.

[5] Ibn Kathir, Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyah: 3/335.

[6] There are differences in the dates. According to one tradition, he passed away in 59 Hijri. Qazi Sulaiman has taken it in "Rahmatul Al-Alamin".

[7] Tabaqat Ibn Saad, Ghazwah Bani Mustaliq: 4/198.

[8] Seerah Ibn Hisham: 2/290.

[9] Surah Al-Maidah: 67.

[10] Surah Al-Ahzab: 37.

[11] Ibn Abi was the leader of the hypocrites and biographers have shed light on his criminal character, besides Ibn Saad, Waqdi, Ibn Hisham, these events are detailed in the books of hadiths themselves.

[12] The nature of this draw was not that of a lottery. In fact, the rights of all wives were equal, there was no reasonable reason to prefer one of them over another, now if the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) had chosen someone himself, the other wives would have been heartbroken, and they had It would also become a trigger for jealousy and rivalry, so you used to decide it by drawing lots. The drawing of lots in the Shari'ah is for such surahs when the legitimate right of several men is absolutely equal, and there is no reasonable reason for preferring one over another, but the right can be given to one and the same. Understanding the Qur'an, Commentary on Surah Al-Ahzab, 33.

[13] It is mentioned in Abu Dawud and other Sunan books that his wife complained to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that he never offered the morning prayer on time. He gave an excuse that O Messenger of Allah, this is my family defect, I cannot remove this weakness of sleeping for a long time in any way. On this he said that it is good to pray when your eyes are open. Some Muhadditheen have stated this reason for his being left behind in the caravan, but some other Muhadditheen have stated that the reason for this is that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) had appointed him to the service of traveling in the dark of night. Because of this, if someone has missed something, then come to look for it in the morning. See, Tafseer Al-Qur'an, Tafsir Surah Al-Ahzab, 33.

[14] In some traditions, Saad bin Mu'adh, probably the reason for this difference is that Hazrat Ayesha may have used the words of Sayyid Aws instead of taking the name. He was the chief of this tribe and he is more famous in history. Although actually, at the time of this incident, his cousin Asyad bin Hazir was the chief of Aws.

[15] See al-Asabah by Ibn Hajar, and al-Istiyab la bin Baad al-Bar, mention of Saad bin Ubadah. Page 11.10

[16] Surah Al-Nur, 24:11-20.

[17] Understanding the Qur'an, Tafsir of Surah Al-Nur, verses 11-20.

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